- Government and research reports identify multiple factors as contributing to high rates of injury in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. These include the ongoing effects of colonisation, social disadvantage, drug and alcohol misuse, violence, poor safety standards and unsafe roads and living environments
- To address injury inequities we need to prioritise injury prevention, acknowledge the broad underlying social determinants and provide targeted approaches for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.
- Few studies quantify the cost of injury. In Western Australia Aboriginal people make up 3.6% of the total population but account for 7.7% of total injury costs.
- We need a much better understanding of how to effectively engage Aboriginal communities in injury prevention.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children
- Data show rates of injury to Indigenous children to be consistently higher than for non-Aboriginal children, with high rates of injury related hospitalisation and mortality.
- While the injury mortality rate for non-Aboriginal children in NSW has halved over the past 15 years the rate for Aboriginal children has remained the same.
- The mortality rate for Australian Indigenous children from injury-related causes is almost 5 times higher than the rate for non-Indigenous children.
- Indigenous children are hospitalised for injury at a rate almost 2 times higher than other Australians.
- The largest injury inequalities are for poisoning, injuries due to exposure to fire, flames, heat and hot substances and transportation.
Facts on Tamariki Māori Injuries (0-14 years’ old) in Aotearoa/New Zealand
- 28% of all child unintentional injury hospitalisations are Māori and 1.5 times more likely to be hospitalised than European children.
- In 2016, 2045 Māori tamariki were hospitalised, that is 6 tamariki a day!
- 54% of all child unintentional deaths are Māori and 5 times more likely to die than European children
- Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council (AHMRC)
- Fire and Rescue NSW, Protect your Mob
- Kidsafe Victoria, Safety for our Little Fellas, Aboriginal resources
- Kidsafe SA, Safety for our little fellas, resources
- DeadlyKids SA
- Kidsafe WA, Watch out for your kids Aboriginal resource
- Kids and Traffic, Safe Journeys Safe Communities
- Queensland Health, Caring for Piccaninny
- Safe Koori Kids
- Preventing Child Passenger Injuries
- Tamariki Māori unintentional injuries infographic
- Tamariki Māori unintentional injuries fact sheet
- Make your home a safety zone – Me whakarite tō kāinga hei wāhi haumaru
- Rail Safety – Kia tūpato mō ngā tereina me ngā ara tereina
- Mō ngā tereina, ngā ara tereina – Railway and train crossing safety
- Kia pai tō haere – Primary curriculum resource
- Starship Child Health – Burns Clinical Guidelines
- Active and Safe: Preventing Unintentional Injury to Aboriginal Children and Young People in NSW: Guidelines for Policy and Practice
- AIHW: Hospitalised injury among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2011–12 to 2015–16
- Overview of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status, 2017
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (HPF) report 2017
- Child unintentional deaths and injuries in New Zealand, and prevention strategies [Report, 2015]
- Water Safety Sector Strategy 2020
- Indigenous Health info Net Online Injury Directory and Resources
- Know Injury Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples
- Royal Lifesaving Australia Indigenous Programs
- The Pepi-pod Program
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Program, The George Institute for Global Health
- Safekids Aotearoa
- Hāpai te hauora – National SUDI prevention coordination service
- Water Safety New Zealand
- Fire & Emergency New Zealand
- Ministry of Transport Child restraints
- Auckland regional burn service
- New Zealand National burns service
- Auckland Transport – Child Safety in Cars
- Transport for NSW, Yarnbusters no gammon
- Pātene Pūhiko – Button Battery Safety Messaging
- Paitini – Poisons Safety Messaging
- Mahunu – Burns Safety Messaging
- Moe Haumaru – Safe Sleep Messaging
- Paitini – Dad Poisons Safety Messaging
- Papapekepeke – Trampoline Safety Messaging
- Te Ara Haepapa – The Journey
- Te Ara Haepapa – Restraints
- Safe Sleep – your Child
- Wahakura: Cultural Flax-weaving pods enables co-sleep with newbord twins
- Actively supervise your little ones when at the beach, river or park
- Whītikiria kia ita – Click it good
- Seatbelt – Belted Survivors
- Te Ara Haepapa – The Journey
- Seatbelt Safety
- Under Fives Water Safety
- Driveway Run Over: Check for me before you turn the key
- Cause and incidence of injuries experienced by children in remote Cape York Indigenous communities
- Road user behaviour, attitudes and crashes: a survey of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia
- Communities driving change: evaluation of an Aboriginal driver licensing programme in Australia
- High rates of hospitalised burn injury in Indigenous children living in remote areas: a population data linkage study
- Incidence and characteristics of low-speed vehicle run-over events in Australian Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander children and other Australian children aged 0 to 14 years in Queensland: an 11-year (1999-2009) retrospective analysis
- Injury prevention through employment as a priority for wellbeing among Aboriginal people in remote Australia
- Risk factors for falls among older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in urban and regional communities
- The Ironbark program: implementation and impact of a community-based fall prevention pilot program for older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
- The role of Aboriginal family workers in delivering a child safety focused home visiting program for Aboriginal families in an urban region of NSW
- Burn injury models of care: a review of quality and cultural safety for care of Indigenous children
- Closing the Aboriginal child injury gap: targets for injury prevention
- Why are those most in need of Sudden Unexplained Infant Death (SUDI) prevention information the least likely to receive it? A comment on unconscious bias and Māori health.
- Being young Māori parents – Mana Mātua
- The cost of health inequalities in Aotearoa New Zealand: A preliminary scoping study